After putting it off for ages due a perceived PITA process, I finally decided to check out how to set up dynamic dns to point at one of my servers that’s behind a changing IP. I was pleased at how surprisingly easy it is.
I’m running debian 8 in a kvm vm, using bridged networking to give my web server it’s own identity. The only package required is ddclient
configure google domains
Jump to the synthetic records section under your google domain dns settings and add the subdomain you want to forward to your dynamic host:
if you click on that blue “view credentials” link you’ll see the username and password google has randomly generated for you. you’ll need those details when you edit your ddclient.conf. note that until I’ve set up the config, the “data” section here shows 0.0.0.0 as my IP.
for my setup, I’ve got several subdomains I want to forward to the same host. After checking out the ddclient manual, I’ve edited my ddclient.conf similar to the below:
protocol=dyndns2, login=host1login, password='host1password' custom-subdomain.your-host1.com
test the ddclient configuration
the best way to test your configuration is by running the following command: ddclient -daemon=0 -noquiet -verbose -debug this will iterate all of your configured values and the give you pretty detailed debug output
In the above, my subd.your-host1.com was a new host I added to the config, whereas subd.your-host2.com is one which I’d already updated during a prior test.
verify google has your ip
The final step to make sure everything looks good here is to refresh your google domains dns settings page. what you should see, as I do, is the data section now reflecting the ip for your dynamic host.
I also verified my /etc/default/ddclient config to make sure it’s got run_daemon set to true. When I installed ddclient via aptitude this was done automatically but you may want to double check yours if you find your client doesn’t update regularly. my default config looks like this:
# Configuration for ddclient scripts
# generated from debconf on Sun Feb 21 12:51:42 EST 2016
# /etc/default/ddclient run_dhclient=”false” run_daemon=”true” daemon_interval="300"